Item #CL206-4 Bungaree. Chief Of The Broken Bay Tribe, N. S. Wales. Charles Rodius, 1802–1860 Brit./Aust.
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Bungaree. Chief Of The Broken Bay Tribe, N. S. Wales

c1830. Tinted lithograph, text including artist and title in image lower left and centre, 20.6 x 18.5cm. Old folds, repaired tears, stains, foxing, minor chips to edges.

Text includes “Drawn upon stone by C. Rodius.” Held in the National Portrait Gallery with the comment “Bungaree (c1775–1830), voyager, navigator and diplomat, was among the most significant Sydney-area Indigenous leaders of the early colonial period. He arrived in Sydney from Broken Bay in the 1790s, soon becoming an intermediary between the [Indigenous] community and the colonists. He made his first foray as a seafarer when he joined the HMS Reliance for a journey to Norfolk Island in 1798. In 1799, he travelled as far north as Bribie Island and Hervey Bay with Matthew Flinders, and in 1802 he sailed with Flinders again as a member of the HMS Investigator expedition, proving himself indispensable as a negotiator and for his knowledge of [Indigenous] protocols. As a result of his participation in the Investigator expedition, Bungaree reputedly became the first [Indigenous] person to circumnavigate Australia. In 1817 he joined the surveying voyage along the southern coast of the continent led by Philip Parker King, who considered Bungaree 'sharp, intelligent', and 'of much service to us in our intercourse with the natives.' Governor Macquarie also valued Bungaree's skills as an intermediary and hoped that he would act as an example to his compatriots. To this end, Macquarie set aside land for Bungaree and his people at Middle Head, issuing them with farming equipment, clothing and a fishing boat to encourage the adoption of 'civilised' ways. Bungaree became well known for his wit and his practice of welcoming to his country ships entering Sydney Harbour. This, combined with the recognition of his standing in both communities, made him a favoured subject for portraitists and several early colonial artists created images of him. Augustus Earle's circa 1826 painting of Bungaree is among Australia's earliest portraits in oil on canvas, and Earle's lithograph of the painting is regarded as the first printed portrait produced in New South Wales. Bungaree died in Sydney in November 1830 after a long illness.”

Item #CL206-4

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